• AHSQ
  • 137 894
    Los Angeles3
    Buffalo
    0 Likes
  • 137 895
    Anaheim4
    Minnesota
    0 Likes
  • 137 896
    NY Rangers5
    Ottawa
    0 Likes
  • 137 897
    Edmonton4
    Arizona
    0 Likes
  • 137 898
    Montreal2
    Vegas
    0 Likes
  • 137 899
    New Jersey5
    Tampa Bay
    0 Likes
  • 137 900
    Toronto4
    Pittsburgh
    0 Likes
  • 137 901
    Detroit4
    Nashville
    0 Likes
  • 137 902
    Washington5
    Chicago
    0 Likes
  • 137 903
    Boston2
    Vancouver
    0 Likes
  • 137 904
    Florida6
    Calgary
    0 Likes
  • 138 905
    Philadelphia
    NY Rangers
    0 Likes
  • 138 906
    Edmonton
    Colorado
    0 Likes
  • 138 907
    New Jersey
    Carolina
    0 Likes
  • 138 908
    Pittsburgh
    Columbus
    0 Likes
  • 138 909
    Toronto
    Detroit
    0 Likes
  • 138 910
    Dallas
    San Jose
    0 Likes
  • 138 911
    Florida
    Winnipeg
    0 Likes
  • 137 776
    Checkers3
    Crunch4
    0 Likes
  • 137 777
    Senators4
    Bears1
    0 Likes
  • 137 778
    Rockets3
    Marlies1
    0 Likes
  • 137 779
    IceHogs4
    Monsters2
    0 Likes
  • 137 780
    Phantoms2
    Pack5
    0 Likes
  • 137 781
    Thunderbirds1
    Bruins2
    0 Likes
  • 137 782
    Penguins4
    Comets3
    0 Likes
  • 137 783
    Devils3
    Americans1
    0 Likes
  • 137 784
    Moose1
    Griffins5
    0 Likes
  • 137 785
    Wolves2
    Rampage3
    0 Likes
  • 137 786
    Heat4
    Barracuda5
    0 Likes
  • 137 787
    Roadrunners2
    Condors0
    0 Likes
  • 137 788
    Gulls4
    Reign3
    0 Likes
  • 138 789
    Tigers
    Pack
    0 Likes
  • 138 790
    Checkers
    Crunch
    0 Likes
  • 138 791
    Bruins
    Thunderbirds
    0 Likes
  • 138 792
    Americans
    Devils
    0 Likes
  • 138 793
    Wolves
    Monsters
    0 Likes
  • 138 794
    Wild
    Stars
    0 Likes
  • 138 795
    IceHogs
    Rampage
    0 Likes
  • 138 796
    Phantoms
    Penguins
    0 Likes
39
Logan Couture
Position(s):
  • • 
  • Status: AHSQ
    : 28-03-1989 : 28 : CAN 
    : 6' 1" : 200 lbs : 2
    Repêché : N/A : $6,000,000 3  
    :98% - 33 : 0

    CK FG DI SK ST EN DU PH FO PA SC DF PS EX LD MO PO OV
    45 25 98 89 67 87 76 86 68 63 65 75 89 78 77 50 99 0

    -
    2009-10 Ottawa Senators 8 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2010-11 Binghamton Senators 80 29 19 48 25 2 3 0 5 0 141 20.6
    2010-11 Ottawa Senators 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 82 24 42 66 -8 18 10 0 4 1 221 10.9
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 82 31 50 81 6 6 6 0 8 5 349 8.9
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 82 38 54 92 37 0 2 0 11 3 345 11.0
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 77 39 52 91 36 0 6 1 5 1 331 11.8
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 76 35 44 79 5 2 10 0 7 3 302 11.6
    2016-17 Ottawa Senators 81 24 46 70 10 2 5 0 3 3 271 8.9
    2017-18 Ottawa Senators 44 15 30 45 19 0 2 0 2 0 162 9.3
      80 29 19 48 25 2 3 0 5 0 141 20.6
      532 206 318 524 106 30 41 1 40 16 1,981 10.4
    -
    2010-11 Binghamton Senators 7 2 2 4 5 0 0 0 0 10 20.0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 2 3 5 -2 0 1 0 1 0 25 8.0
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 0.0
    2013-14 Ottawa SenatorsOttawa Senators 13 5 7 12 2 2 0 0 0 0 63 7.9
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 2 2 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 30 6.7
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 3 7 10 -3 0 1 0 0 0 48 6.3
      7 2 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 20.0
      43 12 23 35 -2 2 2 0 1 0 184 6.5

    -
    2009-10 8 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2010-11 Binghamton Senators 80 0 25 52 80 18 21 341 589 57.9
    2010-11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 82 0 34 98 0 46 18 911 1749 52.1
    2012-13 82 0 7 2 0 0 0 753 1438 52.4
    2013-14 82 0 11 0 0 0 0 954 1818 52.5
    2014-15 77 0 19 0 0 0 0 970 1827 53.1
    2015-16 76 1 9 0 0 0 0 907 1769 51.3
    2016-17 81 1 14 0 0 0 0 1095 2033 53.9
    2017-18 44 1 9 0 0 0 0 588 1112 52.9
      80 0 25 52 80 18 21 341 589 57.9
      532 3 104 100 0 46 18 6,178 11,746 52.6
    -
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 7 0 1 4 7 1 1 28 49 175.0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 0 6 12 0 5 6 56 113 49.6
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 0 0 0 2 0 0 55 111 49.5
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 84 179 46.9
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 0 3 0 0 0 0 82 150 54.7
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 0 3 0 0 0 0 151 284 53.2
      43 0 12 12 2 5 6 428 837 51.1

    -
    2009-10 Ottawa Senators 8 36:22 04:32 00:00 0 00:00 0 36:22 04:32 00:04
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 80 1122:32 14:01 11:37 00:08 32:18 00:24 1166:27 14:34 123:35
    2010-11 Ottawa Senators 0 00:00 0 00:00 0 00:00 0 00:00 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 82 1286:34 15:41 00:03 00:00 221:52 02:42 1508:29 18:23 01:43
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 82 1340:47 16:21 12:12 00:08 253:20 03:05 1606:19 19:35 01:18
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 82 1317:48 16:04 11:19 00:08 199:27 02:25 1528:34 18:38 00:54
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 77 1263:44 16:24 04:37 00:03 202:07 02:37 1470:28 19:05 00:39
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 76 1295:52 17:03 22:38 00:17 205:54 02:42 1524:24 20:03 00:34
    2016-17 Ottawa Senators 81 1375:38 16:58 89:50 01:06 212:42 02:37 1678:10 20:43 00:27
    2017-18 Ottawa Senators 44 759:00 17:15 01:39 00:02 121:27 02:45 882:06 20:02 00:12
      80 1122:32 14:01 11:37 00:08 32:18 00:24 1166:27 14:34 01:32
      532 8675:45 16:18 142:18 00:16 1416:49 02:39 10234:52 19:14 02:37
    -
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 7 100:06 14:18 00:00 0 02:22 00:20 102:28 14:38 12:33
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 105:23 15:03 00:10 00:01 20:18 02:54 125:51 17:58 02:24
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 95:48 19:09 00:00 0 06:29 01:17 102:17 20:27 01:06
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 13 226:06 17:23 00:00 0 27:59 02:09 254:05 19:32 01:26
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 118:35 16:56 00:00 0 15:18 02:11 133:53 19:07 00:37
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 201:27 18:18 00:16 00:01 26:33 02:24 228:16 20:45 00:48
      7 102:28 14:18 00:00 0 02:22 00:20 102:28 14:38 01:47
      43 747:19 17:22 00:26 00:00 96:37 02:14 844:22 19:38 02:48

    -
    2009-10 Ottawa Senators 8 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 80 66 134 2 0 0 0 0 4 4 1
    2010-11 Ottawa Senators 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 82 82 151 18 0 0 0 0 3 2 4
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 82 72 169 6 0 0 0 0 8 3 5
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 82 17 211 0 0 0 0 0 9 2 10
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 77 1 182 0 0 0 0 0 7 3 5
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 76 28 190 2 0 0 0 0 6 10 5
    2016-17 Ottawa Senators 81 27 187 2 0 0 0 0 3 5 4
    2017-18 Ottawa Senators 44 1 101 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 0
      80 66 134 2 0 0 0 0 4 4 5
      532 228 1,191 30 0 0 0 0 38 30 38
    -
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 7 5 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 6 14 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 8 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 13 2 28 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 0 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
      7 5 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
      43 16 93 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 2

    -
    : : :
    2009-10 Ottawa Senators 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 80 26 18 44 137 3 1 4 3 0 0 0 1
    2010-11 Ottawa Senators 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 82 14 26 40 195 10 16 26 26 0 0 0 0
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 82 25 33 58 291 6 17 23 58 0 0 0 0
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 82 36 47 83 303 2 7 9 42 0 0 0 0
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 77 32 40 72 274 6 12 18 56 1 0 1 1
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 76 25 32 57 259 10 12 22 41 0 0 0 2
    2016-17 Ottawa Senators 81 19 36 55 229 5 10 15 41 0 0 0 1
    2017-18 Ottawa Senators 44 13 23 36 131 2 7 9 31 0 0 0 0
      80 26 18 44 137 3 1 4 3 0 0 0 1
      532 164 237 401 1682 206 318 122 295 206 318 1 4
    -
    : : :
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 7 2 2 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 1 2 3 22 1 1 2 3 0 0 0 0
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 0 2 2 17 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 13 5 3 8 53 0 4 4 10 0 0 0 0
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 2 2 4 26 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 2 4 6 39 1 3 4 9 0 0 0 0
      7 2 2 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
      43 4 0 23 39 12 23 12 27 12 23 0 0

    -
    2009-10 Ottawa Senators 8 0 0 0
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 80 0 0 0
    2010-11 Ottawa Senators 0 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 82 3 16 19
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 82 2 10 20
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 82 4 9 44
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 77 3 8 38
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 76 2 10 20
    2016-17 Ottawa Senators 81 0 6 0
    2017-18 Ottawa Senators 44 0 2 0
      80 0 0 0
      532 14 61 23
    -
    2010-11 Belleville Senators 7 0 0 0
    2011-12 Ottawa Senators 7 0 0 0
    2012-13 Ottawa Senators 5 0 0 0
    2013-14 Ottawa Senators 13 0 0 0
    2014-15 Ottawa Senators 7 0 0 0
    2015-16 Ottawa Senators 11 0 0 0
      7 0 0 0
      43 14 61 23

    Contract

    * =
    2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23 2023-24 2024-25 2025-26 2026-27
    $6,000,000 $6,000,000 $6,000,000 - - - - - - -
    3



    • [29-09-2017 21:01:07] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Tuukka Rask of New Jersey Devils (0-942) / 2 - Paul Byron of Florida Panthers (4-1-5) / 3 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-1-5)
    • [29-06-2017 08:03:44] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [23-06-2017 22:49:43] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [04-06-2017 22:41:59] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [29-09-2017 21:01:07] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Tuukka Rask of New Jersey Devils (0-942) / 2 - Paul Byron of Florida Panthers (4-1-5) / 3 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-1-5)
    • [29-06-2017 08:03:44] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [23-06-2017 22:49:43] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [04-06-2017 22:41:59] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [28-10-2016 23:52:03] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [27-02-2017 20:40:43] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [28-02-2017 19:14:52] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [04-04-2017 19:26:28] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [06-04-2017 18:23:15] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [09-04-2017 18:36:54] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [09-04-2017 18:37:23] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [09-04-2017 18:36:54] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [09-04-2017 18:37:23] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [06-04-2017 18:23:15] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [04-04-2017 19:26:28] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [28-02-2017 19:14:52] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Exhaustion.
    • [27-02-2017 20:40:43] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured from Exhaustion.
    • [28-10-2016 23:52:03] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [14-08-2016 17:27:49] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [24-09-2015 18:36:26] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [25-09-2015 22:03:51] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 2 - Nate Thompson of Edmonton Oilers (2-6-8) / 3 - T.J. Oshie of Arizona Coyotes (3-3-6)
    • [17-11-2015 19:22:14] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Antoine Vermette of Anaheim Ducks (5-4-9) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 3 - Andrej Sekera of Pittsburgh Penguins (2-4-6)
    • [02-12-2015 19:43:43] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Concussion Injury.
    • [21-11-2015 19:18:32] - Game 294 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Concussion) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [09-01-2016 19:27:39] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [09-01-2016 19:27:39] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [02-12-2015 19:43:43] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Concussion Injury.
    • [21-11-2015 19:18:32] - Game 294 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Concussion) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [17-11-2015 19:22:14] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Antoine Vermette of Anaheim Ducks (5-4-9) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 3 - Andrej Sekera of Pittsburgh Penguins (2-4-6)
    • [25-09-2015 22:03:51] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 2 - Nate Thompson of Edmonton Oilers (2-6-8) / 3 - T.J. Oshie of Arizona Coyotes (3-3-6)
    • [24-09-2015 18:36:26] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [09-01-2016 19:27:39] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [02-12-2015 19:43:43] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Concussion Injury.
    • [21-11-2015 19:18:32] - Game 294 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Concussion) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [17-11-2015 19:22:14] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Antoine Vermette of Anaheim Ducks (5-4-9) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 3 - Andrej Sekera of Pittsburgh Penguins (2-4-6)
    • [09-24-2015 18:36:26] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators has scored a Hat Trick!
    • [09-25-2015 22:03:51] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (4-3-7) / 2 - Nate Thompson of Edmonton Oilers (2-6-8) / 3 - T.J. Oshie of Arizona Coyotes (3-3-6)
    • [07-15-2015 10:47:35] - Logan Couture ratings were not updated!
    • [04-05-2015 20:56:27] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Jonathan Toews of Edmonton Oilers (8-15-23) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (8-15-23) / 3 - Henrik Lundqvist of Arizona Coyotes (0-933)
    • [03-17-2015 18:03:31] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Joe Pavelski of San Jose Sharks (6-2-8) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (2-7-9) / 3 - Brian Gionta of Pittsburgh Penguins (4-3-7)
    • [01-18-2015 22:42:41] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Strained Back Injury.
    • [01-13-2015 19:15:10] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Strained Back Injury.
    • [01-07-2015 07:07:18] - Game 586 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Strained Back) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [01-07-2015 07:07:18] - Game 586 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Strained Back) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [01-13-2015 19:15:10] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Strained Back Injury.
    • [01-18-2015 22:42:41] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Strained Back Injury.
    • [03-17-2015 18:03:31] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Joe Pavelski of San Jose Sharks (6-2-8) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (2-7-9) / 3 - Brian Gionta of Pittsburgh Penguins (4-3-7)
    • [04-05-2015 20:56:27] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Jonathan Toews of Edmonton Oilers (8-15-23) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (8-15-23) / 3 - Henrik Lundqvist of Arizona Coyotes (0-933)
    • [01-13-2015 19:15:10] - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is back from Strained Back Injury.
    • [01-07-2015 07:07:18] - Game 586 - Logan Couture from Ottawa Senators is injured (Strained Back) and is out for 2 weeks.
    • [12-30-2014 18:35:31] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Mike Ribeiro of St.Louis Blues (2-5-7) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (2-6-8) / 3 - Jason Pominville of Ottawa Senators (4-2-6)
    • [03-31-2014 18:07:09] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Patric Hornqvist of Tampa Bay Lightning (3-4-7) / 2 - Loui Eriksson of New York Rangers (4-2-6) / 3 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (5-1-6)
    • [11-25-2013 18:12:13] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (5-4-9) / 2 - Alexander Ovechkin of New Jersey Devils (5-4-9) / 3 - Jordan Eberle of Ottawa Senators (2-6-8)
    • [03-31-2014 18:07:09] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Patric Hornqvist of Tampa Bay Lightning (3-4-7) / 2 - Loui Eriksson of New York Rangers (4-2-6) / 3 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (5-1-6)
    • [11-30-2013 10:11:45] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Alexander Ovechkin of New Jersey Devils (14-10-24) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (11-11-22) / 3 - Brandon Prust of Columbus Blue Jackets (7-8-15)
    • [12-09-2013 19:40:08] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (3-8-11) / 2 - Jordan Eberle of Ottawa Senators (4-5-9) / 3 - Wayne Simmonds of Ottawa Senators (5-2-7)
    • [12-29-2013 22:38:58] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Wayne Simmonds of Ottawa Senators (10-7-17) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (8-14-22) / 3 - Evander Kane of Toronto Maple Leafs (7-10-17)
    • [03-31-2014 18:07:09] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Patric Hornqvist of Tampa Bay Lightning (3-4-7) / 2 - Loui Eriksson of New York Rangers (4-2-6) / 3 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (5-1-6)
    • [12-29-2013 22:38:58] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Wayne Simmonds of Ottawa Senators (10-7-17) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (8-14-22) / 3 - Evander Kane of Toronto Maple Leafs (7-10-17)
    • [12-09-2013 19:40:08] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (3-8-11) / 2 - Jordan Eberle of Ottawa Senators (4-5-9) / 3 - Wayne Simmonds of Ottawa Senators (5-2-7)
    • [11-30-2013 10:11:45] - Last 30 Days Pro Star : 1 - Alexander Ovechkin of New Jersey Devils (14-10-24) / 2 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (11-11-22) / 3 - Brandon Prust of Columbus Blue Jackets (7-8-15)
    • [11-25-2013 18:12:13] - Last 7 Days Pro Star : 1 - Logan Couture of Ottawa Senators (5-4-9) / 2 - Alexander Ovechkin of New Jersey Devils (5-4-9) / 3 - Jordan Eberle of Ottawa Senators (2-6-8)